Kalugasalapuram is a small village located 15 km east from Vilathikulam town of Tuticorin district in Tamil Nadu. The village consists about 120 households having a population of 950 belongs to various economic status with 10 huts, 40 tiled roof houses, three asbestos houses and 67 concrete houses. Agriculture is the primary occupation in the village. People practice rainfed farming here supplemented with dairy activity as a profitable secondary occupation in the village. There are 1500 goats and 500 cows in the village. Three is a middle school, one primary health centre and a grocery shop in the village. The village lacks proper road connectivity and bus facility. The people belonging to four community castes namely Thevar, Naayakar, Kudimagan and Pagadai live here collectively. There are four temples in and around the village viz. Pillayar, Kaaliamman, Aiyanar, Perumal temple.
Status of Drinking Water in the Village
The village is having five common bore wells with hand pumps apart from the household bore wells and water taps. The water is highly saline due to ground water depletion in the area, leaving the villagers in a stressful condition for drinking water. High salinity in drinking water brings many health hazards to the people in the village. There is an Oorani in the village, its storage capacity is not sufficient to fulfill the water needs of the entire village community. The bore well near the Oorani is currently supplying drinking water to the households, whereas the salinity in the water has been a persisting concern expressed by the villagers. The villagers plan to renovate the Oorani by deepening and improve the storage capacity to maximize its utility. Thereby water drawn from the bore well could be recharged through the rain water harvested in the Oorani. People estimate that renovating this Oorani would extend the water stand for three more months after the monsoon.
Way Forward and Expected Benefits
This project would help in ground water recharging and reducing the salinity of water in the nearby bore wells. The villagers would use the water drawn from the bore well near the Oorani. Predominant cattle population in the village demands a perennial water source to feed their water requirements. The Oorani would serve the water needs of the livestock of the village as well as the neighbouring villages to save the cattle population and improve the productivity. It would also fulfill the water needs for domestic purpose on need basis. The village households were categorized using the Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) techniques. The whole village is organized into a water user group to take up the works related to water and formed as a tank farmers association. The association holds the responsibility for identification and implementation of the works and ensuring the future maintenance of the water harvesting structures. The association has mobilized 25 percent of the cost of the proposed work as people contribution and looking forward for the support of donors to take up the work to find a solution to their water issue.
Villagers Speak Before Construction...
“Mr. Venkatachalapathy, the village leader expresses …. Salinity in drinking water has been a major concern in our village and we are facing many dental issues and other health problems due to this. Moreover lack of drinking water for cattle has been a major threat for animal husbandry in our village. ”
Villagers Speak During Construction...
Over the above budget DHAN Foundation contributes Rs. 25,000 by providing professional and techno managerial support to the community.
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